Buying a Home 101 Series Week 5: 5 Steps to Obtaining a Mortgage
This step-by-step series will take you through the entire home-buying process — from finding a buyer’s agent to settlement day, and all the details in between. Every first-time buyer will find this information-packed series easy to follow and understand. Make sure to tune in for the next few weeks!
Today’s mortgages are not “one-size-fits-all.” That means you’ve got lots of options out there that could fit your budget and finances. This is good news for many home buyers!
However, you do need to do your homework first so that your mortgage application can be processed properly and with success. The lending environment can be complex and complicated at times. Lenders, underwriters and mortgage insurers must all complete certain steps before they can have your financing in place.
It’s important to try and keep things going smoothly by taking on a few steps of your own, and knowing what needs to be done next. This preplanning will help get your mortgage and financing all figured out. That way you can avoid any snags when you least want them to appear!
Once your mortgage situation is all set, you’ll be in a much better position to negotiate with the sellers and move forward on a purchase. Here’s what you need to keep in mind:
1. Evaluate your affordability and don’t forget about monthly budget.
Do you truly know how much mortgage you can afford and how lenders determine it?
Lenders and mortgage insurers look at a variety of factors, but the two most important are your monthly mortgage payment and your total debt load, relative to your gross income. You may hear a lender call this your “debt-to-income ratio.”
But wait, let’s hit pause first and ask this question instead: How much are you actually comfortable spending on a mortgage payment each month?
This is a much better way to determine your affordability. It’s better to determine what your monthly budget is for housing, NOT just the purchase price that your lender will approve you for!
Many of you will want your monthly housing expenses to be much lower than what a lender is willing to lend you. This topic was covered in detail in Do the Math – A Mortgage You Can Afford, the fourth article in this series. Go back and review if you need a refresher.
This article makes you carefully look at your monthly budget, including current expenses and future ones as a homeowner.
2. Shop around and interview lenders to find the best fit for your needs.
Talk to several lenders of different sized banks. Rates and fees are typically very competitive between lenders, so it’s often more important to focus on other factors, including the level of service provided and how well they’ve executed transactions for other buyers.
The type of mortgage you are seeking may also impact your choice of lender, since some are more familiar with certain mortgage programs than others. This is important to understand, and lenders should understand that you will be shopping around.
Different banks can offer different programs, especially in today’s market. For example, one of my clients was told that he would be unable to purchase a home for over a year by a previous agent and his lender. When he came to me I was able to direct him to one of my vetted lenders whose years of expertise helped him qualify because she was aware of some loopholes that VA loans offered for the self-employed. He moved into his new home less than 3 months after finding me, saving him tens of thousands of dollars as property values continued to climb.
3. Discuss your loan options with lenders and your agent.
Deciding which types of mortgage loans are best for you depends on your personal situation, your financial scenario, and your future plans. It’s something you’ll discuss during your lender interviews.
For example, if your down payment isn’t large enough to qualify for a conventional loan, an FHA mortgage can be an excellent option. Alternately, you may qualify for an attractive first-time home buyer program offered by a local jurisdiction.
Mortgage programs are always changing. You need to sit down with your lender to understand the different options out there that could work for you and the type of home you most likely will purchase (not every home qualifies for every loan type). And don’t forget that your agent is a good resource who can help guide you on your decision. They know what has worked for other buyers who may have similar finances.
4. Get pre-approved (not pre-qualified) by your lender.
Plan to complete a loan application with one or more lenders. Make sure to take it one step further from getting pre-qualified and get pre-approved instead.
By doing this you will know exactly what loan amount you will be approved for by the lender. (Remember, stick to your monthly budget no matter what you get approved for!) But this does give you the go ahead to look at homes in a certain price range.
To start this process, you will need to supply information to the lender along with your application. So, make sure you’ve gathered the required documents before you meet with them.
To get pre-approved, the lenders will perform an extensive check on your financial background and credit rating. You will be notified in writing with the amount they are willing to lend you for a home purchase.
This process is an important step that will put you in a better negotiating position with sellers. Your pre-approval signifies to sellers that you are a committed buyer who has financing secured and puts you in much better standing than competition who has only been pre-qualified.
5. Commit to a lender once you’re under contract.
As soon as you are under a contract to purchase a home, you must “lock-in” and commit to working with one lender to complete your mortgage application. This needs to happen immediately upon going under contract to meet the deadlines you’ve agreed to in your offer.
This begins the lenders real work, starting with ordering the appraisal. Some lenders will require you pay for these upfront others will take payment for this at the end at closing. Appraisal costs vary from location to location and can change overtime. It is important that you plan for this cost if the lender is requiring payment upfront, be sure to ask the lender what is expected.
Show your lender that you are serious about working in partnership with them by submitting all the required documentation as quickly as possible. At this point they also will be “approving” your home and will await its appraisal to determine if they will lend you money. You want the appraisal to come in at or above the sales price.
As you can see, there are certain steps you’ll need to take to get a mortgage. And, the best way to know what you should do is to talk to an expert. Email me email@example.com and I’ll review your options and connect you with two to three lenders who have the lowest rates and best loan programs for first time home buyers.
Stay tuned for next week! It’s the Fun “House Hunting” Guide is the next article in Buying a Home 101 series. You’ll find out the ways you can shop productively (and smartly!) with tactics that will streamline your search.
I'm Logan and I love helping first time home buyers make their first home more affordable and I love helping sellers looking to move up to their forever home. Let me know how I can help you make your real estate dreams come true.
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Twin Falls, ID 83301
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